Being a police officer requires many skills. But out of all the skills the job demands, detecting deception and ground fighting are two of the most crucial. Below are a few data-backed tips on how to best improve the said skills if you want to be a police officer.
In the field of police enforcement, suspects naturally lie to safeguard their self-interests. In Psychology, it has been comprehensively studied whether or not detecting deception is possible. So far, these are some techniques that researchers think works:
Behavioral cues can be assessed using different channel: gestures, body language, facial expressions, voice, as well as verbal style. Another way to examine whether an individual is telling the truth is how the actual words is spoken, which is through verbal statements.
Another common misconception in the behavioral cues of people who lie is that they’re not nervous. In actuality, people who are telling the truth are often nervous in the presence of law enforcement officials.
In assessing the truth, it was revealed that liars’ nonverbal behavior is often the opposite of what they’re telling. For example, a suspect may deny a crime but shows undue distress (not typical nervousness) in making his or her innocence claims. Or when a person says “no,” but nods his head in agreement.
More than these indicators, the more telling part is how consistent a person is in his or her statement. Make sure to take note of any inconsistencies in an individual’s stories to try to see if they’re lying. However, this assessment could also fall short if the liar consistently sticks to his or her stories.
Microexpressions or the quick, momentary facial expressions that people show has also been used to examine liars. In daily living, most of us miss it and the best way to review them is through the use of slow and stop motion in a recorded video. Learning to recognize them in real-time is doable with training. Once learned people are able to retain this ability permanently.
The good thing about microexpressions is that they’re universal. No matter your gender, nationality, or race, everyone expresses a range of emotions in exactly the same way.
Unconscious and automatic, these are immediate responses we have at a particular thing. Learning them means you have a better chance of recognizing the truth. This has been a helpful tool for investigators since it’s one of the nearest thing we have when it comes to having a universal language.
Another way potential police officers can improve their lie-detecting skills is through statement analysis. This uses grammatical rules in how people speak to assess the truth. When people say they believe someone or not based on their gut-feel, they’re unknowingly using statement analysis a basis.
Statement analysis is about examining a person’s use of words, statement structure, and sensory details among a few. Studies have shown that there is indeed a difference in how people go about telling lies from truths.
In a book by Mark McClish called I Know You Are Lying, he tells of his nine years of research and studies on how people answer certain questions. He then formed a Statement Analysis system to know if a person is saying the truth. In it, he includes analyses of eight high profile cases some of which are: the Oklahoma City Bombing, the O.J. Simpson Murder Trial, the sexual molestation charges against Michael Jackson, and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., among others.
All the above signs shouldn’t automatically be considered as an indication of lying by themselves. However, the above stated behavioral cues could also be due to different reasons and not just lying. Instead, these should only serve as tools that officers can use in an interview or interrogation. Like any tool, it would be best if it’s supplemented with hard work, evidence, and any corroborating statements.
All of these help tofurther probe a person’s thoughts, opinions, and feelings.
Overall, findings made by leading researchers in the field have stated that there’s really no single way to detect lies. This is because lying emits a complicated number of signals that it wouldn’t be possible to assess each and every factor in real-time accurately.
A degree in criminal justice can lead to a career as a law enforcement officer, a job in the court system, in private security, investigations or even in the corrections fields. Degree programs in criminal justice can be found in community colleges, vocational schools, as well as universities across the nation.
An associate’s degree in criminal justice takes approximately two years to obtain. Classes are usually comprised of mandatory core classes and electives. These are designed introduce you to the different parts of the criminal justice system. After obtaining your two-year associate’s degree in criminal justice, you can begin working in your career field. Alternatively, you can also use your degree to continue on to a four-year bachelor’s degree.
Jobs with Criminal Justice Degree
Obtaining a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice can qualify you for positions in probation and parole, detective work, research, federal government, and supervisory roles. If you choose to continue beyond a bachelor’s degree, you can choose a path in law or judgeship.
Most careers available to students after graduating with their associate’s degree in criminal justice. However, these careers require extensive training for the position such as law enforcement officer, corrections officer, security guard and probation officer, to name a few. Each training program is designed to train new employees regarding the details of the job. Most will be entry-level positions and you’ll need more experience or further education to advance in the field. Crime scene technicians are also employed through law enforcement agencies and have sought criminal justice careers, often leading to officer training as well.
Some criminal justice careers, such as those in law enforcement and corrections, also have an age requirement. In many states, for an applicant to be accepted into a police academy, they must be at least 21 years of age. You must also have taken at least some college courses. Age requirements will vary between the state and federal levels for law enforcement and corrections.
All criminal justice careers typically require background screenings. These include, but is not limited to, physical screenings as well as character and personality screenings.
Criminal Justice Salary
Depending on your level of education and in which sector of the criminal justice field you work, your salary will vary. But almost all positions obtained in the criminal justice field provide benefits and profitable compensation.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, corrections officers earn an average of $39,700 per year. For law enforcement officers, they earn around $58,630 per year, which includes detectives and bachelor degree holders. For probation officers, they earn an average of $49,060 per year.
Working as a federal law enforcement agent with one of the numerous agencies within the federal government can present additional opportunities for travel and relocation benefits.
Regardless of which route you choose to enter the field of criminal justice, getting the right education is your first step. Take some time to research the degree options and career fields available before you make a big move. With dedication and perseverance, you could find yourself in a rewarding and highly respected position in a matter of years.
For more information, or to find schools, visit www.criminaljusticeprograms.com today.
A lot of criminal justice jobs are found either in government agencies or departments. Jobs seekers in this field should know that applying for federal jobs is somewhat different compared to applying for private sector jobs.
Government jobs usually require KSAs, (knowledge, skills, abilities) in resumes. This is on top of the required videotaped interviews, written exams, and written statements. The application process is also lengthy and can take months to complete.
The end result, however, does not always lead to a job offer. It can sometimes mean that you’re put on the waiting list. For private sector jobs, they typically require a resume, a cover letter, and a series of interviews after.
The application process is definitely much shorter compared to government ones. The applicants who are able to align their strengths with the required KSAs are the ones who usually receive a job offer.
Below we mention a list of criminal justice jobs tips you can use for your KSA application.
Applying to a List of Criminal Justice Jobs
You’ll require a KSA when applying to a list of criminal justice jobs. A KSA is similar to a cover letter. The difference is that it’s more involved in the sense that it requires an extensive narrative statement about your strengths. Most government job posts will specify if a KSA is part of the application process.
In the job description, it will be stated which type of KSA is needed to perform the job successfully. Most of these job posts will list anywhere between four to seven types of KSA that you need to address in your application. Failure to address the said KSAs means being disqualified from being considered for the job.
Some might think that writing a KSA is easy since the job post already tells you the kind of KSAs they’re looking for. However, merely pointing out what your KSAs is not enough. If you just say that you’re knowledgeable about law enforcement procedures, it won’t be enough for you to be invited for an interview.
You should be able to cite specific examples in order to sell yourself well. Answer each of the outlined points with clear, concise details, but be careful not to ramble on. Be brief and straight to the point and then move on to the next skill.
What to Include in Your KSA Statement
Statements you want to include in your KSA statement should be tailored to what the job entails. It might be tempting to add extra information regarding what you can do apart from the skills requested in the job post. However, your KSA will also be assessed on how good you can follow simple directions. A lot of extremely qualified candidates have taken themselves out of the running for this simple reason. If you don’t customize your KSA according to what was specifically requested, then you’ll likely won’t pass.
More than just following the instructions, remember to always proofread your work. It’s simple advice, but one that numerous candidates don’t take the time out to do.
Misspellings, typos and poor grammar will reflect badly on you. This will be regarded as a glimpse of the kind of work you produce. Federal jobs have important roles and responsibilities. This is why they typically weed out people who turn in sloppy work at the onset.
If you’re having trouble crafting your KSA, don’t get overwrought and try to see what you can do. There are many other different websites and resources that help applicants craft their KSAs.
These aids provide not just examples, but formats and tips that can help make your KSA more compelling. Another option is to hire a professional to write your KSA, which a good number of writing firms offer.
Applying for Federal Jobs
There are a lot of employment benefits that come with having a federal job. That’s why it’s no wonder why many openings in the field are always filled to the brim. More than just the benefits, however, federal jobs offer a wide variety of positions and not just ones related to employment.
Whenever applying for federal jobs, make sure you turn in your application as soon as possible. Although their job openings can remain active for months, sending your application sooner gives you a sure slot to be considered for an interview invite.
In terms of application, it can take a few months before your application can be reviewed and assessed for interview eligibility. Just like any job, however, it would be wise to apply to numerous other government job openings in order to increase your chances of nabbing a federal job.
Working as an FBI agent puts you in the midst of an elite law enforcement unit.
The FBI or the Federal Bureau of Investigations hires professionals who hold a variety of criminal justice disciplines. FBI career roles are quite varied. They include working in areas such as the prevention of cyber attacks, terrorist attacks, corruption, drug trafficking along with white collar crime. One of the best ways to have a career in the FBI is by taking a degree in a criminal justice program.
There are many positions that you can take in the FBI such as working as a special agent, investigative support services, hostage rescues amongst many others.
The pay varies based on specific position as well as the job grade. FBI trainees are also paid locality adjustments. With time, as the agents gain greater experience, it is possible for them to proceed to higher grade levels. In the non-supervisory roles, trainees can move up from the GS-10 to the GS-13. In the leadership as well as management roles, level raises can be from GS-14 to GS-15.
FBI Agent Job Description
FBI special agents are involved in various critical investigations which have a huge bearing on US national security. Their investigations encompass various criminal activities. These include organized crime, cybercrime, copyright violations, terrorism, extortion, drug trafficking as well as foreign counterintelligence amongst many others.
They collect evidence on various crimes, execute arrest warrants and testify in the federal courts. They perform interviews on suspects and witnesses when they are obtaining information on various illegal acts. Other functions carried out by FBI include preparing reports, record-keeping, and filing forms amongst others. They are all related to their investigative work.
If you are proficient in other languages apart from English, then you will be able to undertake linguist positions with the FBI. Here, you can apply both your investigative and language skills to study and block various criminal activities.
Other functions in which the FBI special agents are involved in include carrying out undercover assignments, surveillance as well as observation in order to unearth evidence on illegal activities.
Special agents can carry out monitoring of activities where there is a wiretap authorization by a court of law. Other areas of investigative work in which the FBI agents are involved include arresting fugitives. This is so they can collect as much evidence as possible that will assist in criminal prosecutions.
FBI Agents as Hostage Rescue Teams (HRTs)
There are some FBI agents that have law enforcement experience or military experience and they are generally involved in Hostage Rescue Teams (HRTs). These people have undergone specialized military and response training that enables them to promptly respond to urgent and complex situations. This applies both within and outside the US. These are the agents who generally investigate terror threats against the United States, arrest the terrorists before they act and perform tactical operations which are very risky.
The HRT has been organized into various tactical teams. They are backed with great mobility teams including helicopters, intelligence. Logistics, communications and command centers and personnel.
Another important function of the FBI is that of intelligence analysis. Intelligence analysts try to decipher critical information from intelligence reports. They also play a major role in protecting US national security. Analysts work with disparate pieces of information in order to create a profile of possible threats that the country faces. FBI agents work all over the world and if you are seeking a career position in the agency, relocation is one of the conditions for employment.
FBI HRT Salary
Applying to the FBI
There are various ways in which you can become an employee of the FBI and embark on a rewarding career. If you want to protect the United States’ national security from various threats, you can do the following:
Apply directly to FBI job postings on the FBI website: https://www.fbijobs.gov/
Apply for an FBI Job through a talent network
- Through the Talent Networks, aspiring employees are able to identify their areas of interest. The Talent Networks also match potential candidates to the open positions at FBI.
Education and Training
For an agent position, you will need to have a bachelor’s degree and also fulfill various other qualifications based on the recruitment needs of the FBI. There are some FBI jobs where candidates with multilingual skills are given preference. Some require a background in law, criminal justice degree or technology.
Candidates interested in pursuing a career with the FBI can obtain additional skills through internship programs by the FBI. Alternatively, law enforcement or military experience would also suffice. An applicant for a special agent job with the FBI must be between the age of 23 and 36 and be a US citizen. They will also undergo thorough background checks.
Some roles such as Hostage Rescue Team will need to have extra skills like military experience or law enforcement roles. Candidates will normally pass through a stringent evaluation procedure in order to determine both mental and physical suitability for the position. The best path to careers in FBI is generally through a criminal justice degree.
FBI agents earned a median salary of $67,759 based on the PayScale.com data of October 2010. The salary range for the FBI agents is $54,326-$106,922. The median salary for the US intelligence analysts was $60,000 and their salary range was $50,304-$85,620. Trainees for the position of the FBI special agents earn a $43,441 base salary in Virginia. It is important to note that there are locality adjustments which apply so the annualized salary is not uniform throughout the country.
FBI Job Outlook
In the coming years, the employment prospects for the FBI special agents along with the intelligence analysts are expected to improve considerably. The US population will expand in the future and there will also be growing emphasis on US national security. This is going to necessitate an increase in the agency’s staffing needs.
The best prospects are for those candidates who are bilingual who have college degrees and some military or law enforcement experience. If you are driven, self-disciplined and committed to protecting fellow American citizens from a variety of threats and criminal activities, then an FBI career will be a very rewarding one for y
Forensic scientists’ role in every case is crucial. In a perfect world, every case would be solved. Given that more than a third of cases go unsolved, crime lab work is an important part of every investigation.
In every case, evidence needs to be examined for any clues that can lead to the motive or the suspect. This is where a crime lab experts such as forensic scientists come in. They are the ones who evaluate and analyze any crime scene evidence. Evidence can be in the form of DNA, blood samples, clothing, shoe prints, and tire tracks, among others. Altogether, they help piece together the missing puzzles of a crime.
Few cases are open and shut investigations. It takes more than just one person to assess all available evidence and come up with a list of likely leads. Crime lab workers also operate with the aid of technology and forensic scientific advancements to make investigations easier and more accurate to conduct.
Job Duties of a Forensic Scientist
A forensic scientist’s main duty is to gather untampered evidence from the crime scene and examine it in a lab. Their responsibilities don’t include pursuing suspects or apprehending them.
However, the evidence that they have gathered is used to indict suspects or to find out the suspect of a crime. For the most part, physical evidence is vital in proving guilt in a crime. Whatever crime lab workers have uncovered can be used and presented as circumstantial evidence in a trial. Using physical evidence to argue a case is deemed weightier than witnesses’ testimonies.
This is because crime lab evidence undergoes a chain of evidence protocols. The only thing that can nullify the use of a specific evidence is when it has been tampered with.
Lab workers would analyze any trace of evidence collected at the crime scene. Trace evidence can be in the form of hairs, clothing fibers, and fingerprints, to name just a few. A lab worker may discover that the clothing fiber found at the crime scene is manufactured locally. From there, the clues can lead investigators into more information that can shed light on the case.
For bodily fluids, blood, or any human biometric trace, DNA testing is used to find matches with suspected persons. This is usually done in the form of blood testing, fingerprint analysis, and DNA matching. The results are then run through in the databases of all agencies across the country to see if there’s any match. If any guns were used in the crime, ballistic fingerprints are taken. Bullets and casings are also used to pinpoint the weapon used at the crime scene.
What Crime Lab Work Is Really All About
Crime lab work is not just about examining the evidence. Lab technicians are also required to prepare and send reports on their procedures, findings, and their research methods. In many instances, these workers testify in trials to describe or ascertain the veracity of the evidence the prosecution is presenting.
You need to have good skills and a solid understanding of forensic science and biology to thrive in this job. Critical reasoning, analytical skills, and knowledge of criminal procedures are essential. On top of that, you’ll need to have a good work ethic too.
Different crime labs from different agencies have varying educational requirements depending on the job duties . If you’re starting out with an entry-level position, having an associate’s degree in criminology is often suffice to nab a job.
However, opportunities for promotion is slim if you’re just banking on an associate’s degree. More than being knowledgeable in the criminal behavior part, you also have to be well-versed in forensic science. A bachelor’s degree is one of the ways to increase your chances of advancement in your career if your aim is to climb the ranks. On the other hand, not a lot of criminal justice jobs call for advanced degrees.
If your target is to become a manager or team leader of a crime lab, then an advanced degree may be necessary. More than this requirement, crime labs also mandate their employees to take continuing education classes. This is done through regular seminars and workshops for employees.
These are all important because this is a field that needs to be always updated in the latest technological breakthroughs. New breakthroughs often pertain to evidence analysis, scientific equipment, and software advances. Labs must also be in the loop on any new trends to make sure they’re operating as effectively and efficiently as possible.
Job Outlook and Salary Potential
The bulk of crime lab jobs are often found in a variety of state, local, and federal agencies as well as online listings. Nevertheless, there are also many other opportunities for work in independent labs all across the country. However, competition for these jobs can be stiff. There is a certain prestige associated with this kind of job and it’s common to see hundreds of applicants apply for just one job opening.
The estimated job growth for this field is predicted to be faster than average. Over the next decade, the government expects a 20% rise in job growth as more and more agencies incorporate forensic science work in their repertoire.
Salaries are typically determined by your location, the type of agency you’re working for, and your current experience level. Higher education often translates to higher-paying crime lab jobs. The United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics approximates that the mean salary for a crime lab worker is around $55,000 a year.
Picking the right criminal justice institute can be difficult with all the choices out there. In the past, the only sure route for enhancing your expertise and getting gainful employment in the criminal justice field was through traditional colleges. From the 70s, however, things began to change gradually and trade schools or technical schools began to gain prominence.
Today’s generation have plenty more opportunities for educational advancement than their counterparts in the 60s and 70s. Currently, there have been a record number of criminal justice institute and schools available across the country.
When you want to take up a criminal justice education, you should make sure that you contact or survey multiple schools. This is to make sure that you can make the best comparison possible.
You can compare these options in terms of the cost of taking a course, the requirements, and many other factors. You will find out that the multiple schools have a lot of differences, even if they offering the same program. In choosing that one to pick you need to make sure that it adheres to what you are looking for in your criminal justice education.
A lot of people are generally undecided on whether to join the traditional schools or the technical schools. There are people who totally advocate for one or the other although each of these has its advantages and disadvantages. When deciding which of these will be best suited for you, it is important to evaluate your career goals.
What You Get From Traditional Schools
Traditional schools or the three to four-year colleges are best suited for a number of things. If you have some time on your hands and can afford to spend four years studying in college then this choice is for you. It is a good option if you are looking for a well-rounded education. There are numerous advantages which are associated with attending the traditional colleges.
For example, you have access to a faculty that is quite knowledgeable in their field and this means that you will have a very thorough theoretical grounding in your subject. You will be able to impress with your mastery and knowledge of your subject.
A feature of the traditional colleges is that students can get a very generic form of education as opposed to the specific laser-focused training. The latter is something that you usually get from the vocational colleges, trade schools or the technical schools. This can be both an advantage and a disadvantage. The advantage is that it gives you an overall bird’s eye view of your career and you are able to think more broadly.
Studying in a university setting is also ideal if you thrive in academic settings and want to pursue further research in the field. It gives you an opportunity to delve deeper into theory and empirical research so you can bring forth new knowledge and perspectives.
Traditional colleges and universities are not just meeting places of minds but also of people. You are able to meet people from diverse cultures and this can really broaden your worldview and perspective. Lifelong personal and professional relationships are also generally forged during your 4-year stint at a traditional college.
Other Reasons to Attend Traditional Schools
There are other less tangible but equally important that come with attending traditional schools. For example, students who have gone through universities and colleges are not just broad-minded, but are also more likely to engage in their civic duties. Moreover, they also have a better understanding of the society’s social and political values.
In short, they make great citizens. Studying in the traditional schools allows a student to pursue diverse intellectual pursuits. This diversity comes with its own drawbacks since it takes students longer to finish their education.
This means that it might takes years for some to complete a coursework. While this gives students a thorough theoretical and intellectual grounding, too much time is wasted in the process.
While college has its own benefits, it also has certain disadvantages. College education, for example, is still unwaveringly expensive. Its cost rises steadily every year. Students always graduate with mountains of college debt which will take many years to repay. For others, it can even take a lifetime.
College education also lacks specificity or specialization. You may end up taking lots of courses which are irrelevant and may take too much time off your core field of study.
Trade or technical schools have a philosophical difference in their approach to education. Their objective is to not make you a “well-rounded” individual such as in a traditional schools. They are more focused on equipping you with skills that will help you find a good job and perform in that role effectively. It is here where you will get a more hands-on training in various disciplines.
Students who attend the technical schools have the best mastery of real-world problem solving and skills. They generally have up-to-date labs where the latest real-life skills are imparted. In traditional schools that do not specialize in technical criminal justice courses, their facilities may not be as updated.
The technical schools will teach you a trade unlike the traditional schools which impart generic knowledge. A student who has passed through a technical school will generally be prepared for a role in the workplace. In these schools, there is a good balance between practical knowledge and conceptual knowledge.
The curriculum of technical schools does not have much of the generic information that you would find in college. They have a sharp focus on practical training. Classes in a technical school are more likely to be practice-based rather than lecture-based.
Unlike traditional schools, the technical schools generally have smaller batches of students per classroom. This not only allows for efficient imparting of knowledge, but such smaller groups are generally able to forge stronger bonds. This also results in meaningful networks that can last an entire career or lifetime. The smaller classrooms also mean that each student gets personal attention from tutors for better knowledge absorption.
Thanks to these advantages, more employers are increasingly preferring students who have gone to technical schools. Students with these certifications generally don’t need as much on-the-job training since they already possess the required skills as well as technical know-how to perform effectively. This is in contrast to graduates from traditional colleges who may need more training and orientation.
There also cost advantages. Due to the shorter course duration, students will spend less money and less time studying in technical school. They are also able to begin earning faster within 2 or 3 years compared to college graduates who may have to wait five years.
Trade schools generally offer a great deal of flexibility for students. They can opt for multiple study options including online, evening classes, part-time or even night studies. This flexibility works really well for someone who is doing a work-study program.
On the flip side, the education offered in the technical schools may be deemed as less rigorous compared to those offered in the traditional universities and colleges. You also miss out on the great social experience and networks that you miss out on when you fail to attend college.
It is necessary to inquire about what’s required for you to be considered eligible to take a program that you want. Inquire if they need you to have already graduated from other programs, how many tests you should take before being considered and so on. There are some schools that will require applicants to have obtained a degree in certain fields.
Schools that have stringent degree requirements are often more competitive. The content that is offered is more meaningful. Whereas there are schools that will take anyone regardless of your credentials. But it is important to pick a school that you think will give you value for the tuition fee you will pay.
Requirements for residency
For criminal justice graduate degrees, some universities will require a residency requirement based on the number of academic units the degree requires. The residency requirements and the max allowable transfer units for criminal justice degrees may vary for each university. Make sure to check the website of your chosen university to know how many of your earned units can be credited.
However, a criminal justice department may establish unit requirements that are even higher than what the University requires. On the other hand, departmental residency requirements cannot be lower than the standard held by the University.
Tuition and Potential Salary
When you’re contacting different schools, ask about their fees and if they offer any financial scholarships or assistance programs. This will let you know if you are in a position to pay for the criminal justice program that you want to enlist to. If they have a few of these plans in place, see if you are eligible to apply and be a beneficiary.
The average cost of criminal justice education is around $44,000, which includes your whole four years of college. An online degree on the other hand, costs around $32,000 as of fall 2016 school year. When you start working and if for example you end up as a law enforcer, your salary would only be marginally higher than that to the tune of $55,000 a year. For forensic scientists/technicians, salary amount is even lesser, but still in the $50,000 range.
Given these info, you should try to keep in mind whether it’s worth racking all that student debt that may take you years and years to pay.
When you’re enlisting for a criminal justice program, the college will require you to complete every class as required so that you can be certified. Typically, schools will differ in terms of their certification requirements. Ask about their certification requirements when you are contacting your desired schools.
Some of the schools will allow your certification to be only in the state in which it is located. Whereas others will allow you get certified in your state of choice or residence. Make sure that you choose what will give you the greater advantage.
Institutions and colleges have standards they require but most are in line with Commission mandated minimum prerequisites so you can be hired as a law enforcement officer or other related jobs. However, individual agencies may demand higher standards than the minimum.
Criminal Justice Institute List
If you’re based in Florida, Valencia Criminal Justice Institute is probably one of the well-known training centers in the state. Aside from being certified, its curriculum are all approved by the state’s governing commission. They currently offer programs for those who want to be law enforcement officers, as well as probation and correctional officers in the state. As of December 2015, they are serving more than 45 organizations including government agencies such as Department of Juvenile Justice and Department of Corrections with their graduates.
The U of A CJI campus houses law enforcement professionals. Most of their students are already actively working in various government agencies and departments. What they do is supplement their students with additional training, resources, and any additional education they may require. The institute doesn’t just utilize a classroom-style setting but also provides necessary hands-on experience.
Harvard’s Criminal Justice program concentrates more on the law side of things. More specifically, their objective is to churn out criminal defense lawyers. They aim their graduates to practice in the Massachusetts court system or in the juvenile and criminal justice departments in charge of national or local reform. They endeavor to train their students to be well-versed in a wide range of legal services in different areas.
Currently the top rated criminology program by US News, it has a score of 4.7 out of 5. UMD’s CCJS also took the number 1 spot in 2005 and 2010 for its doctoral program in the same field. Previously only confined within the Park Campus, the department has since expanded its classes to other neighboring buildings due to its popularity. More currently, it has also established Master’s of Professional Studies in Justice Leadership program available in a Vietnam academy.